• Sakshi

Types of Mental Health Therapies

When it comes to therapy, one type doesn’t fit all. Therapy is an intricate and meticulous methodological system that is cut out differently for each individual.

Often, it might seem a bit confusing to distinguish and choose from various types and formats of therapies available. There are typically three formats of therapy available to patients to choose from - one on one private sessions, group therapy, and online therapy. However, the preliminaries and the outcomes remain the same. It is only the approaches that vary as per the individual’s needs.

Further, it is important to figure out the best type and format of therapy that best suits you. Taking on a therapy method that is medically proven to treat your issue will not only improve the chances of you getting better but also prove to be more convenient and satisfactory.

Here are some of the therapy types listed and explained below.

1. CBT

CBT is also known as cognitive behavioural therapy. CBT generally focuses on fixing the unhealthy behavioural patterns, habits, and thoughts. In clinical practice, cognitive behavioural therapy is mostly recommended to patients dealing with anxiety, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

2. DBT

DBT stands for dialectical behavioural therapy. Dialectical behavioural therapy is used to treat severe problems and neuroticism. It helps the patients in regulating negative emotions, managing impulsive behaviour, controlling addiction, and monitoring suicidal thoughts and self-harm. Some of the mental health concerns that people seek DBT are borderline personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, substance abuse, suicidal attempts, ADHD, and binge-behaviour.

3. IPT

IPT or Interpersonal therapy is offered to patients who face severe depression that begins to sabotage their personal relationships, family, work, etc. Interpersonal therapy helps the patient manage their relationships in a better way. The prime focus of IPT is to deal with people effectively without making poor relationship choices thus, circling back to being depressed all over again.


Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy or MBCT, as the name suggests, helps in being mindful of our thoughts and feelings. MBCT applies various mindfulness techniques like breathing exercises to cognitive therapy. This benefits the patients in dealing with mental health problems like depression, impulsive behaviour, rage, and addiction.


EMDR stands for eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing. This particular therapy is specifically used to treat patients with post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. People with PTSD generally struggle with disturbing thoughts, flashbacks, nightmares, sleep paralysis, and vivid recollections of the past traumatic event. EMDR heals the mind to reprocess these memories and aids to finally let go of them.

6. Counselling

Counselling is rather a simplistic version of therapy. Counselling therapy caters to a vast array of patients dealing with mental health concerns like social anxiety, perfectionism, work-related stress, depression, a bad marriage, couple compatibility, etc. Counsellors generally assist people with mild to moderate problems and help them with the underlying conditions of the problem.

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